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Английский язык

Страниц: 35
Автор: Юлия
1640  руб.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a major power with strong economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence. And the main reason of this position the country holds for centuries is its people. The United Kingdom has been influential in the development of many areas, including culture, science, politics etc. It is impossible to ignore the role of the country in history and modern developments, in advancing literature and science.

This term paper is dedicated to Great Britain and its famous people.

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the role of Great Britain and its people in the society and world culture.

In this paper we will focus on two main aspects: the names of outstanding personalities in Great Britain and their role in the history and world culture.

The second part of the work includes different tests, quizzes and games which can be used in English lessons dedicated to famous personalities.

This topic seems to me very interesting because it concentrates on the lives of outstanding people, their contribution to the world and society, they also can be taken as role models for modern youth.

I believe this research can be useful not only for teachers but also for students.

The paper consists of an introduction, 3 chapters, a conclusion, a bibliography and 2 appendixes.
Table of contents

Introduction 3

Chapter 1. Great Britain. Overview 4

Chapter 2. Famous Britons 5

2.1 Royal Family 5

2.2 Inventors and scientists 8

2.3 Painters 11

2.4 Writers and poets 12

2.5 Politicians 16

2.6 Famous Characters in 20th 21st centuries 17

Chapter 3. Tests, quizzes and games 21

Conclusion 29

Bibliography 30

Appendix 1. Kings and queens 31

Appendix 2. The list of top 100 great Britons according to BBC 34
x 2. The list of top 100 famous Britons according to BBC

100 Greatest Britons was broadcast in 2002 by the BBC. The program was the result of a vote conducted to determine whom the United Kingdom public considers the greatest British people have been in history.

1. Sir Winston Churchill, (1874-1965), Prime Minister (1940-1945, 19511955)

2. Isambard Kingdom Brunel, (18061859), engineer, creator of Great Western Railway and other significant works

3. Diana, Princess of Wales (19611997), first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales (19811996), and mother of Princes William and Harry of Wales

4. Charles Darwin (18091882), naturalist, originator of the theory of evolution through natural selection and author of On the Origin of Species, regarded by many as one of the greatest figures in the history of science

5. William Shakespeare (15641616), English poet and playwright, thought of by many as the greatest of all writers in the English language

6. Sir Isaac Newton (16431727), physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, and alchemist, regarded by many as one of the greatest figures in the history of science

7. Queen Elizabeth I of England

8. John Lennon (19401980), musician with The Beatles, philanthropist, peace activist, artist

9. Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (17581805), naval commander

10. Oliver Cromwell (15991658), Lord Protector

11. Sir Ernest Shackleton (18741922), polar explorer

12. Captain James Cook (17281779), explorer

13. Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell (18571941), founder of Boy Scouts and Girl Guides

14. Alfred the Great (849?899), King of Wessex, (reigned 871899)

15. Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (17691852), military commander, statesman and Prime Minister 18281830 and 1834

16. Margaret Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher (born 1925), Prime Minister (19791990)

17. Michael Crawford (born 1942), actor and singer

18. Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (18191901), monarch (reigned 18371901)

19. Sir Paul McCartney (1942), musician with The Beatles, philanthropist, activist

20. Sir Alexander Fleming (18811955), biologist and pharmacologist, discoverer of penicillin

21. Alan Turing (19121954), pioneer of computing

22. Michael Faraday (17911867), scientist

23. Owain Glyndŵr (13591416), Prince of Wales

24. Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (born 1926), reigning monarch (1952present)

25. Professor Stephen Hawking (born 1942), theoretical physicist

26. William Tyndale (14941536), English translator of the Bible

27. Emmeline Pankhurst (18581928), suffragette

28. William Wilberforce (17591833), humanitarian

29. David Bowie (born 1947), musician

30. Guy Fawkes (15701606), English revolutionary.

31. Leonard Cheshire, Baron Cheshire (19171992), aviator and charity organiser

32. Eric Morecambe (19261984), comedian

33. David Beckham (born 1975), footballer

34. Thomas Paine (17371809), political philosopher

35. Boudica (died c.60), leader of Celtic resistance to the Roman Empire

36. Sir Steve Redgrave (born 1962), Olympic rower

37. Saint Thomas More (14781535), English saint, lawyer and politician

38. William Blake (17571827), author/poet, painter and printer

39. John Harrison (16931776), clock designer

40. King Henry VIII of England (14911547), monarch (reigned 15091547)

41. Charles Dickens (18121870), author

42. Sir Frank Whittle (19071996), jet engine inventor

43. John Peel (19392004), broadcaster

44. John Logie Baird (18881946), television pioneer

45. Aneurin Bevan (18971960), Labour politician who oversaw the formation of the National Health Service

46. Boy George (born 1961), musician with Culture Club

47. Sir Douglas Bader (19101982), aviator and charity campaigner

48. Sir William Wallace (c.12701305), Guardian of Scotland

49. Sir Francis Drake (c.15401596), English naval commander

50. John Wesley (17031791), founder of Methodism

51. King Arthur, legendary Celtic monarch

52. Florence Nightingale (18201910), nurse and charity campaigner

53. T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) (18881935), Arabist and soldier

54. Robert Falcon Scott (18681912), polar explorer

55. Enoch Powell (19121998), politician

56. Sir Cliff Richard (born 1940), musician

57. Alexander Graham Bell (18471922), telephone pioneer, placed 9th in the Canadian version

58. Freddie Mercury (19461991), musician with Queen

59. Dame Julie Andrews (born 1935), actress and singer

60. Sir Edward Elgar (18571934), composer

61. Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (19002002), Queen consort

62. George Harrison (19432001), musician with The Beatles

63. Sir David Attenborough (born 1926), broadcaster

64. James Connolly (18681916), the Scottish born leader of the Irish 1916 rising

65. George Stephenson (17811848), railway pioneer

66. Sir Charlie Chaplin (18891977), comic actor and film director

67. Tony Blair (born 1953), Prime Minister (19972007)

68. William Caxton (c.1415~1422c.1492), English printer

69. Bobby Moore (19411993), footballer and Captain of England 1966 World Cup winning team

70. Jane Austen (17751817), author

71. William Booth (18291912), founder of Salvation Army

72. King Henry V of England (13871422), monarch (reigned 14131422)

73. Aleister Crowley (18751947), occultist, writer, and social provocateur; founder of Thelema

74. Robert the Bruce (12741329), King of Scots

75. Bob Geldof (born 1951), Irish musician, philanthropist

76. The Unknown Warrior, soldier of the Great War

77. Robbie Williams (born 1974), musician and former member of Take That

78. Edward Jenner (17491823), pioneer of vaccination

79. David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd George (18631945), Prime Minister (19161922)

80. Charles Babbage (17911871), mathematician and pioneer of computing

81. Geoffrey Chaucer (c.13431400), English author

82. King Richard III of England (14521485), monarch (reigned 14831485)

83. J.K. Rowling (born 1965), author

84. James Watt (17361819), developer of the steam engine

85. Sir Richard Branson (born 1950), businessman and adventurer

86. Bono (born 1960), Irish musician - Singer for Rock Band U2, philanthropist

87. John Lydon (Johnny Rotten) (born 1956), musician

88. Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (18871976), military commander

89. Donald Campbell (19211967), water speed world record challenger

90. King Henry II of England (11331189), monarch (reigned 11541189)

91. James Clerk Maxwell (18311879), physicist

92. J.R.R. Tolkien (18921973), author and philologist

93. Sir Walter Raleigh (15521618), English explorer

94. King Edward I of England (12391307), monarch (reigned 12721307)

95. Sir Barnes Wallis (18871979), aviation technology pioneer

96. Richard Burton (19251984), actor 1

97. Tony Benn (born 1925), politician, formerly the 2nd Viscount Stangate

98. David Livingstone (18131873), missionary and explorer

99. Sir Tim Berners-Lee (born 1955), Internet pioneer and inventor of the World Wide Web

100. Marie Stopes (18801958), promoter of birth control
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