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Контрольная:
Тема:

Контрольная по экономическому английскому

Предмет:

Английский язык

Страниц: 15
Автор: Дроздецкий Алексей Александрович
Цена:
330  руб.
1. The science of economics …… business, production, trade, inflation, etc.
a. study b. studies c. studed d. studied

2. Economic resources include material and non-material …… .
a. things b. thing c. thung d. thinges

3. Economists test theories …… empirical evidence .
a. using b. use c. used d. uses

4. According …… the law of demand as the price for the good rises, the demand for it falls.
a. with b. at c. to d. on

5. To make a higher profit the seller …… raise his price and reduce his production costs.
a. have to b. has to c. has d. have

6. …… economic system has its benefits and drawbacks.
a. some b. several c. any d. all

7. Planned economics have problems …… supply.
a. at b. from c. of d. with

8. It …… difficult to calculate how much to produce and how high a demand to
expect.
a. is b. are c. be d.. were
2. Работа с текстом.


The Role of Market (Роль рынка)
Reports in the press tend to say "the market did this" or "the market expected good news on the economic front", as if the market were a single living entity with a single conscious mind. This is not, of course, the case. To understand reports of market behaviour you have to bear in mind the way the market works.
A market is simply a mechanism, which allows individuals or organizations to trade with each other. Markets bring together buyers and sellers of goods and services. In some cases, such as a local fruit stall, buyers and sellers meet physically. In other cases, such as the stock market, business can be transacted over the telephone, almost by remote control. There's no need to go into these details. Instead, we use a general definition of markets.
A market is a shorthand expression for the process by which households' decisions about consumption of alternative goods, firms' decisions about what and how to produce, and workers' decisions about how much and for whom to work are all reconciled by adjustment of prices.
Prices of goods and of resources, such as labour, machinery and land, adjust to ensure that scarce resources are used to produce those goods and services that society demands.
Much of economics is devoted to the study of how markets and prices enable society to solve the problems of what, how and for whom to produce. Suppose you buy a hamburger for your lunch. What does this have to do with markets and prices? You chose the cafe because it was fast, convenient and cheap. Given your desire to eat, and your limited resources, the low hamburger price told you that this was a good way to satisfy your appetite. You probably prefer steak but that is more expensive. The price of steak is high enough to ensure that society answers the "for whom" question about lunchtime steaks in favour of someone else.
2. Работа с текстом.





The Role of Market (Роль рынка)

Reports in the press tend to say "the market did this" or "the market expected good news on the economic front", as if the market were a single living entity with a single conscious mind. This is not, of course, the case. To understand reports of market behaviour you have to bear in mind the way the market works.

A market is simply a mechanism, which allows individuals or organizations to trade with each other. Markets bring together buyers and sellers of goods and services. In some cases, such as a local fruit stall, buyers and sellers meet physically. In other cases, such as the stock market, business can be transacted over the telephone, almost by remote control. There's no need to go into these details. Instead, we use a general definition of markets.

3. Find in the text English equivalents for the following

4.Answer the questions

5. Translate these sentences.
переводчик англо-русский
Работа сдана на отлично!
5. Translate these sentences.
1. Рынок ценных бумаг, как и любой рынок вообще, где совершаются сделки, представляет собой механизм (структуру), посредством которого цены регулируют распределение ограниченных ресурсов в обществе.
The stock market, as any other type of market where the deals are made is the arrangements through which prices influence the allocation.
2. Потребности различных групп общества приводятся в соответствие
путем изменения (регулирования) цен на товары и ресурсы — труд, капи-тал (оборудование), землю.
The demands of different social groups are adjusted by prices of goods and of resources, such as labour, machinery and land.

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